Ternopil State Technical University
Physics I Spring 2008
Course Syllabus
Course Overview
In a wide sense, physics is a science which describes a nature. To reveal the laws of the nature, physical science makes use of experiments, theoretical methods and computer modeling. In the course of Physics 123 an account of contemporary physical science will be done. Some of basic physical, already known by you will be reformulated, an attempt to unite all of physical science to produce an integral description of nature will be made. Questions not resolved so far, will be characterized from the point of view of contemporary physical theories. Emphasis will be made on developing practical skills in building up models of real processes and solving problems analytically. To improve experimental skills and to illustrate important theoretical questions, parallel laboratory sessions will be arranged. Note, that completing of the laboratory assignment is mandatory for passing the course.
Course goals
By the end of the 1^{st} semester every student will/should be familiar with basic physical phenomena and laws; master the fundamental physical concepts and classical theories, methods of physical science, principles of physycal modeling, methods of problem solving, experimental technics, experimental data analysis; will develop skills in formulating models of physical features, solving problems on classical mechanics and thermodynamics.
Recommended Textbooks: “Fundamentals of Physics” by D.Halliday, R.Resnick and J.Walker. “Light and Matter” by Benjamin Crowell, www.lightandmatter.com “Calculus Based Physics” by Jeffrey W.Schnick, creativecommons.org
Course WebPage: http://www.tu.edu.te.ua/kafedra/physics/phys_PK1.htm
Course Structure
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Units  Academic hours*  Lectures  ^  Laboratory  Independent work  1  Kinematics and dynamics  3  4  2  9  2  Mechanical work and energy. Mechanical forces  3  2  2  8  3  Rotational motion of a solid  3  2  2  8  4  Motion in noninertial reference frames. Fundamentals of special relativity  1  –    6  ^  8  8  6  46 
Мodule 2 – Oscillations and waves. Molecular physics and thermodynamics

Units  Academic hours  Lectures  ^  Laboratory  Independent work  1  Mechanical oscillations and waves  3  2  2  9  2  Ideal gas model.  2  2  2  6  3  Laws of thermodynamics  2  2  2  6  4  Condensed matter  1  2  2  9  ^  8  8  8  30 
*Every lecture, class or laboratory work lasts 1 hour and 20 min what is equal to two academic hours
1 semester
Lectures  16 Problem solving  16 Laboratory sessions  16 Total workload (academic hours)  48
Independent work  82
2.1. Lectures 
 Topics  1.  Introduction. Methods of physical science. Metric system of units. Basic notions of dynamics: space, time, motion. Reference systems. Physical quantities, vectors in physics.  2.  Kinematics of translational and rotational motion.  3.  Newtonian dynamics of a mechanical system. Center of mass and its equation of motion. Conversation of momentum.  4.  Fundamental interactions. Gravitational forces. Weight and imponderability. Elastic deformations and Hooke’s law. Friction of rigid bodies and fluid.  5.  Mechanical work. Power. Kinetic and potential energy. Physical fields. Conservative and dissipative forces. Relation between potential energy and force. Conditions of equilibrium. Energy of a strained body. Energy of gravitational interaction. Energy conservation. Motion of an ideal liquid. Bernoulli equation.  6.  Dynamics of rotational motion. Kinetic energy and work in rotational motion. Conservation of angular momentum. Giroscopes.  7.  Motion in noninertial frames of reference. Forces of inertia.  8.  Special relativity. Postulates of special relativity. Lorentz transformations. Relativistic effects. Fundamentals of relativistic dynamics. Relation between mass and energy. Basics of general relativity.  9.  Free harmonic oscillations. Simple pendulum, physical pendulum, massspring system. Energy in harmonic motion. Superposition of oscillations. Damped oscillations. Forced oscillations. Resonance.  10.  Transverse and longitudinal waves in elastic continuum. Wave equation. Wave energy. The principle of wave superposition. Wave packet. Wave interferention and diffraction. Standing waves. Sound and its perception.  11.  Statistical and thermodynamic methods. Fundamentals of molecular kinetic theory. Ideal gas model. Heat capacity of ideal gas. Maxwell distribution of molecule velocities. Barometric formula. Boltzmann distribution for particles in external potential field. Mean free path of molecules. Diffusion, thermal transport, internal friction in a fluid.  12.  1^{st} law of thermodynamics and its applications to isoprocesses in gases. Adiabatic processes. Work in isoprocesses.  13.
 Reversible and irreversible processes. Cycles. Heat engines and refrigerating plants. Carnot cycle and its thermal efficiency. 2^{nd} law of thermodynamics. Free energy and entropy.  14.  Deviations from ideal gas laws. Models of intermolecular interaction. VanderWaals equation. Critical state of a matter. Gases liquefaction.  15.  Characteristics of liqiuds. Viscosity and superfluidity. Structure and thermal properties of solid state. Defects in crystals.  16.  Phase equilibrium condition. The simplest phase diagram. Phase transitions of 1^{st} and 2^{nd} order. ClapeyronClausius equation. Matter at extreme conditions. 
2.2. Problem solving

 Topic  1.  Problem solving strategies. Kinematics.  2.  Dynamics of translational motion.  3.  Forces in dynamics. Work and energy.  4.  Rotational motion of a rigid body.  5.  Mechanical oscillations and waves. Motion in noninertion reference frames. Fundamentals of special relativity.  6.  Molecular theory of an ideal gas.  7.  Laws of thermodynamics.  8.  Real gases, liquids and solids. 
2.3. Laboratory sessions
1. Introductory lection: safety measures, physical measurements, data and error analysis. Estimations. Experimental techniques and appliances. (2 hrs.) 2. Team work on demoassignment. Application of physical measurements technics, data and error analysis in the lab. (2 hrs.) 3. Work on individual assignments (12 hrs.)
 Subject of laboratory experiment  Acronym  1.  Demonstration of physical measurements techniques, data and error analysis on example of determination of a rigid body density  Lab 1  2.  Study of translational motion laws with Atwood machine  Lab 2  3.  Study of rotational motion of rigid body on Oberbek pendulum  Lab 3  4.  Determination of a flywheel moment of inertia and friction torque  Lab 4  5.  Determination of moment of inertia using torsion pendulum  Lab 5  6.  Determination of Young modulus by bending test of metallic bar  Lab 6  7.  Determination of free fall acceleration using physical pendulum  Lab 7  8.  Determination of logarithmic decrement and damping coefficient of oscillator  Lab 8  9.  Study of mechanical laws on example of torsion pendulum  Lab 9  10.  Determination of sound velocity by interferention method  Lab 10  11.  Determination of liquid viscosity by Stockes method  Lab 11  12.  Determination of liquid viscosity using capillar viscosimeter  Lab 12  13.  Determination of mean free path and effective diameter of molecule by measuring of air viscosity  Lab 13  14.  Determination of the rate of specific heats by ClemandDesormes method  Lab 14  15.  Determination of surface tension coefficient by drops comparison method  Lab 15  16.  Determination of surface tension coefficient by a ring tearing from a liquid surface  Lab 16  17.  Determination of linear thermal expansion coefficient for a solid  Lab 17 
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 Topics  1.  Metric system of units. Basic notions of dynamics: space, time, motion. Reference systems. Vector algebra.  2.  Equations of kinematics for translational and rotational motion and their application to onedimensional, twodimensional and circular motions.  3.  Application of the law of momentum conversation to elastic collisions. Motion of a system with varying mass.  4.  Fundamental interactions. Gravitational forces. Weight and imponderability. Elastic deformations and Hooke’s law. Friction of rigid bodies and fluid.  5.  Mechanical work. Power. Kinetic and potential energy. Physical fields. Conservative and dissipative forces. Relation between potential energy and force. Conditions of equilibrium. Energy of a strained body. Energy of gravitational interaction. Energy conservation. Motion of an ideal liquid. Bernoulli equation.  6.  Dynamics of rotational motion. Kinetic energy and work in rotational motion. Conservation of angular momentum. Giroscopes.  7.  Motion in noninertial frames of reference. Forces of inertia.  8.  Special relativity. Postulates of special relativity. Lorentz transformations. Relativistic effects. Fundamentals of relativistic dynamics. Relation between mass and energy. Basics of general relativity.  9.  Free harmonic oscillations. Simple pendulum, physical pendulum, massspring system. Energy in harmonic motion. Superposition of oscillations. Damped oscillations. Forced oscillations. Resonance.  10.  Transverse and longitudinal waves in elastic continuum. Wave equation. Wave energy. The principle of wave superposition. Wave packet. Wave interferention and diffraction. Standing waves. Sound and its perception.  11.  Statistical and thermodynamic methods. Fundamentals of molecular kinetic theory. Ideal gas model. Heat capacity of ideal gas. Maxwell distribution of molecule velocities. Barometric formula. Boltzmann distribution for particles in external potential field. Mean free path of molecules. Diffusion, thermal transport, internal friction in a fluid.  12.  1^{st} law of thermodynamics and its applications to isoprocesses in gases. Adiabatic processes. Work in isoprocesses.  13.
 Reversible and irreversible processes. Cycles. Heat engines and refrigerating plants. Carnot cycle and its thermal efficiency. 2^{nd} law of thermodynamics. Free energy and entropy.  14.  Deviations from ideal gas laws. Models of intermolecular interaction. VanderWaals equation. Critical state of a matter. Gases liquefaction.  15.  Characteristics of liqiuds. Viscosity and superfluidity. Structure and thermal properties of solid state. Defects in crystals.  16.  Phase equilibrium condition. The simplest phase diagram. Phase transitions of 1^{st} and 2^{nd} order. ClapeyronClausius equation. Matter at extreme conditions.  